Americas Lightpaths Express and Protect (AmLight ExP) enables research and education amongst the people of the Americas through the operation of production infrastructure for communication and collaboration between the U.S. and Western Hemisphere science and engineering research and education communities.
The success of previous U.S. – Latin American networking has led to a ground swell of change for research instruments. Data intensive instruments and data dependent instruments are being located in South America. The Vera C. Rubin Observatory is a significant example of a data dependent instrument. The decision to locate the instrument in Chile was enabled by the promise of collaborative network infrastructure. Vera C. Rubin Observatory has from the beginning been part of the planning for AmLight ExP. Because of bandwidth and growth requirements for Rubin Observatory Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST), the consortium needed to break away from the model of leasing telecom capacity, and gain access to unlit spectrum to be able to drive the technology, not be dictated to by carriers. This vision resulted in the IRNC ProNet: AmLight OPENWAVE supplement that allowed AmLight to experiment with the installation of a 100G alien wave on a submarine system, end-to-end under our control. With significant investment from LSST, REDNESP (former ANSP), and RNP, AmLight will have at least 600ghz of optical spectrum by 2018 to provision and operate to meet the needs of the community. This proposed AmLight ExP NSF support (award # 1451018 ) will allow the transition to this new enabling long-term infrastructure.
The effort is fundamentally collaborative, encompassing for 2014-2019 the proposed NSF AmLight ExP support ($5.4M) and committed financial resources of AURA ($10M), REDNESP (former ANSP) ($18.5M), and RNP ($17.2M), the resources of FIU and FLR, AtlanticWave and PacificWave, and the networks of REDNESP, CUDI, RedCLARA, REUNA, and RNP. Through AtlanticWave and PacificWave there is production connectivity and peering to North American backbone networks Internet2, ESnet, and CANARIE. Through RedCLARA, there is production connectivity to eighteen national research and education networks (NRENs). These networks will enhance global e-Science collaborations through distributed production peering fabrics, as well as any research and education networks present or future that comes to the AtlanticWave or PacificWave.
NSF support for AmLight ExP is part of an evolving rational architecture (IREN), designed to support the needs of U.S.-Western Hemisphere research and education community that supports the evolving nature of discovery and scholarship. Four different links requiring partial NSF funding between the U.S and South and Central America are proposed: (1) from AMPATH RXP in Miami to the SouthernLight in Sao Paulo (20Gb/s), (2) from SouthernLight to Santiago, Chile (10Gb/s), from Santiago Chile to Miami (10Gb/s), and from Miami to Panama (1Gb/s). The capacity and designs are based on collaborative funding over the five-year project span and will evolve to match the needs of the community as illustrated below.